Tennis Training Equipment

2,761 Reviews Scanned

In order to provide you with accurate and valuable pieces of information and reviews, we have conducted in-depth research for the best tennis training equipment of 2022. In addition, you will find our top picks and highest-reviewed products in the section below.
# Preview Product Rating
1 AXTON Solo Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball-Tennis Rebounder With 3 Tennis Balls-Tennis Trainer Ball With... AXTON Solo Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball-Tennis Rebounder With 3 Tennis Balls-Tennis Trainer Ball... No ratings yet
2 WILSON Tennis Ball Pick Up Hopper -75 Balls WILSON Tennis Ball Pick Up Hopper -75 Balls No ratings yet
3 PALOZA Professional Tennis Trainer – Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball – Tennis Equipment for... PALOZA Professional Tennis Trainer – Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball – Tennis Equipment for... No ratings yet
4 JUSTMYSPORT Professional Tennis Swing Trainer - Tennis Trainer Aid, Tennis Practice Tool for... JUSTMYSPORT Professional Tennis Swing Trainer - Tennis Trainer Aid, Tennis Practice Tool for... No ratings yet
5 Oncourt Offcourt Serve Doctor – Improve Your Tennis Serve/Tennis Training Aid Oncourt Offcourt Serve Doctor – Improve Your Tennis Serve/Tennis Training Aid No ratings yet
6 Defze Tennis Trainer, Portable Tennis Rebounder with 3 Long Rope Balls, Practice Tennis Equipment,... Defze Tennis Trainer, Portable Tennis Rebounder with 3 Long Rope Balls, Practice Tennis... No ratings yet
7 Yes4All Agility Ladder Speed Training Equipment - Speed Ladder for Kids and Adults with Carry Bag -... Yes4All Agility Ladder Speed Training Equipment - Speed Ladder for Kids and Adults with Carry Bag... No ratings yet
8 Billie Jean King’s Eye Coach Pro Training System for All Ages and Abilities, Play Better, Win... Billie Jean King’s Eye Coach Pro Training System for All Ages and Abilities, Play Better, Win... No ratings yet
9 Oncourt Offcourt Sweet Spot Trainer - Learn to Hit The Center of Your Racquet/Tennis Training Aid Oncourt Offcourt Sweet Spot Trainer - Learn to Hit The Center of Your Racquet/Tennis Training Aid No ratings yet
10 Ohuhu Agility Ladder Speed Training Set: 12 Rung 20ft Exercise Ladder Equipment with 12 Field Cones,... Ohuhu Agility Ladder Speed Training Set: 12 Rung 20ft Exercise Ladder Equipment with 12 Field... No ratings yet
11 Redllo Solo Tennis Trainer Rebound -Portable Tennis Equipment for Self-Practice Includes 4 String... Redllo Solo Tennis Trainer Rebound -Portable Tennis Equipment for Self-Practice Includes 4 String... No ratings yet
12 Tennis Swing Wrist Training Aid for Forehands, Backhands, Volleys and Serves - PermaWrist Tennis Swing Wrist Training Aid for Forehands, Backhands, Volleys and Serves - PermaWrist No ratings yet
13 Ahari Unlimited Premium Tennis Trainer Set, Pro Tennis Rebounder with Metal Base in a Carrying... Ahari Unlimited Premium Tennis Trainer Set, Pro Tennis Rebounder with Metal Base in a Carrying... No ratings yet
14 Oncourt Offcourt Backswing Solution Oncourt Offcourt Backswing Solution No ratings yet
15 20ft Agility Ladder & Soccer Training Equipment for Kids - Football Training Equipment for Youth Set... 20ft Agility Ladder & Soccer Training Equipment for Kids - Football Training Equipment for Youth... No ratings yet
16 Agility Ladder & Soccer Training Equipment for Kids - Football Training Equipment for Youth Set -... Agility Ladder & Soccer Training Equipment for Kids - Football Training Equipment for Youth Set -... No ratings yet
17 Single Tennis Trainer Ball, Tennis Training Tools for Kids Adults Beginners, Portable Single Tennis... Single Tennis Trainer Ball, Tennis Training Tools for Kids Adults Beginners, Portable Single... No ratings yet
18 NAZRET Tennis Trainer Rebounder Set – Solo Tennis Trainer Practice Equipment with a Headband,... NAZRET Tennis Trainer Rebounder Set – Solo Tennis Trainer Practice Equipment with a Headband,... No ratings yet
19 Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball, Solo Tennis Training Equipment for Self-Pracitce, Portable Tennis... Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball, Solo Tennis Training Equipment for Self-Pracitce, Portable Tennis... No ratings yet
20 T4U888 Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball, Tennis Practice Trainer Gear Tennis Training Equipment Kit with... T4U888 Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball, Tennis Practice Trainer Gear Tennis Training Equipment Kit... No ratings yet

Bestseller No. 1
AXTON Solo Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball-Tennis Rebounder With 3 Tennis Balls-Tennis Trainer Ball With...
  • Perfect for playing solo - Training to be the next Roger Federer or Serena Williams? Practice, play, and train without a partner with our tennis...
  • Play anytime anywhere- Covid will not stop us tennis fanatics! Practice and train in your backyard, driveway, gym, or park ALL YEAR ROUND with our...
  • Great for all level tennis players- Tired of chasing after tennis balls? This solo tennis trainer rebound ball is perfect for practicing your ground...
  • Easy set up- Just clip and play! It’s really that simple. Unlike most of our competitors, there is no need to fill up the base with sand nor water....
  • Bonus Accessories- Our tennis training equipment comes with 3 easy to replace tennis balls and tennis racket over-grips
Bestseller No. 2
WILSON Tennis Ball Pick Up Hopper -75 Balls
  • Portable tennis ball basket
  • Holds 75 tennis balls with a special no spill lid (Tennis Balls NOT included)
  • Durable plated steel construction
  • Handles convert to lockable legs
  • Some assembly required (tool included)
Bestseller No. 3
PALOZA Professional Tennis Trainer – Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball – Tennis Equipment for...
  • PROFESSIONAL TENNIS EQUIPMENT: Train like a pro with this amazing tennis trainer! Our professional tennis practice rebounder helps you improve your...
  • FOR SOLO TRAINING: When you don’t have a partner to train, don’t worry, our solo tennis trainer is your faithful partner. The highly elastic rope...
  • TOP-QUALITY TRAINER: The tennis trainer base is made of top-quality and high-density PE plastic, which ensures a steady hold, without slipping on the...
  • LIGHTWEIGHT AND PORTABLE: Compact and lightweight, this professional tennis practice equipment allows you to train anywhere you feel like it! It is a...
  • HEADBAND INCLUDED: The best is yet to come! Our tennis trainer set includes a tennis headband, which will make your training more enjoyable! Now you...
Bestseller No. 4
JUSTMYSPORT Professional Tennis Swing Trainer - Tennis Trainer Aid, Tennis Practice Tool for...
  • - NEWLY UPGRADED DESIGN: Several improvements have been made to this product for your more comfortable exercise experiences. A longer elastic cord for...
  • - PERFECT TENNIS PRACTICE TOOL FOR BEGINNERS: Through using this tennis trainer, you will acquire real exercise experience as if you played tennis on...
  • - RAPID SKILL IMPROVEMENT: As a good instrument to practice and improve basic tennis skills including stroke by forehand and backhand to give a...
  • - PRACTICE WHENEVER AND WHEREVER: This trainer can be used in many places such as home, yard, office, and court whenever you want to practice tennis,...
  • - SUITABLE FOR ALL-AGE TENNIS LOVERS: This is a product suitable for tennis lovers in the whole family including kids, youth, adults, and the elder....
Bestseller No. 5
Oncourt Offcourt Serve Doctor – Improve Your Tennis Serve/Tennis Training Aid
  • SERVE TRAINER: Tennis serve trainer assists beginners to learn proper swings in isolation
  • ISOLATE MOVEMENTS: Focus on arm extension, lift off, pronation, and direction
  • 37 INCHES LONG: Built from 3-part aluminum extension pole and Velcro system
  • ENCOURAGE LEARNING: Minimize student frustration and remove inconsistent toss interference
  • FOR BEGINNERS: Intended for beginners learning tennis or reworking bad muscle memory
SaleBestseller No. 6
Defze Tennis Trainer, Portable Tennis Rebounder with 3 Long Rope Balls, Practice Tennis Equipment,...
  • Professional Tennis Equipment: Build quickness, hand-eye coordination, and stamina. Improve your concentration, and physical ability and develop...
  • Multipurpose Trainer: Work on your backhand, topspin forehand, and volley. The upgrade nylon elastic rope promises you durability and high elasticity...
  • Portable and Environmentally- friendly: The tennis training is made of High-density PE, which is lightweight and eco-friendly. When you finish...
  • How to Use: The capacity of the base is about 1.2 L, It can be filled with sand or water. No need for a ball machine or wall; non-slip rubber base for...
  • Package Contents: 1 piece anti-slip tennis trainer base and 3 pieces tennis rebound balls with long elastic ropes, 4 pieces in total, enough balls for...
SaleBestseller No. 7
Yes4All Agility Ladder Speed Training Equipment - Speed Ladder for Kids and Adults with Carry Bag -...
  • A PERFECT GIFT FOR ALL AGES AND LEVELS: This agility ladder set makes an excellent gift for your family and friends. Suitable agility ladder for kids,...
  • HEAVY DUTY AGILITY LADDER: Constructed of nylon agility speed ladder with durable plastic rungs for agility training and workout ladder.
  • FULLY ADJUSTABLE 8, 12 AND 20 RUNG DESIGN: Our agility ladders has space between rungs that is adjustable up to 15" inch with nylon straps for...
  • INCLUDE A CARRY BAG: You can easily stash these agility ladder in carry bag to train anytime and anywhere that you want. Our agility training...
  • BETTER ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE: Perfect agility ladder speed training equipment which are suitable for soccer training, football, basketball, hockey,...
Bestseller No. 8
Billie Jean King’s Eye Coach Pro Training System for All Ages and Abilities, Play Better, Win...
  • SELF-TRAINING TENNIS SYSTEM: Ball-striking practice can increase Sweet Spot hits for all levels by over 40%. Our tennis training equipment can...
  • PERFECT TENNIS PRACTICE: Improve the most crucial part of your tennis game: quality ball-striking at the point of contact. You can also achieve cardio...
  • RAPIDLY IMPROVE YOUR SKILLS: Just 5 minutes of Eye Coach practice a day retrains your brain, eye, and body to produce consistent Sweet Spot hits. This...
  • DESIGNED BY MULTISKILLED PROFESSIONALS: Created by eye specialists and motor-memory and tennis experts to be your personal tennis trainer and ball...
  • IMPROVE TODAY & FOREVER: Billie Jean King’s gift to tennis: a tennis training system trusted and used worldwide by clubs, professionals, and...
Bestseller No. 9
Oncourt Offcourt Sweet Spot Trainer - Learn to Hit The Center of Your Racquet/Tennis Training Aid
  • The best players have the best ball striking skills. Whether you call it the Point of Contact, Sweet Spot or Center of Percussion doesn’t matter....
  • Even at higher levels of play, off-center hits are the cause of the majority of errors. Of course, it is true that player movement and balance...
  • Yes, balance and a steady head help players become good, and good players become better! But, it is not so easy to feel slightly off-center hits.
  • This is the purpose of the Sweet Spot Trainer --- “The first live-ball training aid that tells you when you hit off-center!”
  • Great for coaches AND players!
Bestseller No. 10
Ohuhu Agility Ladder Speed Training Set: 12 Rung 20ft Exercise Ladder Equipment with 12 Field Cones,...
  • MADE TOUGH FOR TRAINING: The Ohuhu agility ladder is made of high quality PP material, which is anti-wear and can be used for a long time.
  • ADJUSTABLE RUNG DESIGN: Each rung is 17" long, and the adjustable distance of each step is 17" on the 12 rung training ladder set, so you can adjust...
  • INCLUDES 12 FOOTBALL CONES: Use the 12 included football cones in the Ohuhu agility ladder set (12 blue, with UV protection) for a variety of...
  • IDEAL TOOL FOR OUTDOOR SPORTS: The speed ladder sets comes with 4 ground nails, a carrying bag, detailed footwork tutorials and a exquisite box. This...
  • WIDE RANGE OF APPLICATION: If you are an athlete looking to get more nimble, then the Ohuhu agility training ladder set is for you! Improves your foot...
Bestseller No. 11
Redllo Solo Tennis Trainer Rebound -Portable Tennis Equipment for Self-Practice Includes 4 String...
  • 🎾 【Sturdy And Stable】The base of tennis training equipment is made of high-quality PE plastic. Once filled with water or sand, the anti-skid...
  • 🎾 【More Tennis Ball】Includes 4 tennis trainer rebound ball with string 、1 base、 1 Metal clip、 2 Tennis vibration...
  • 🎾 【Solo Training】No need for partners to practice together, no need to pick up the ball. pressureless training tennis balls is more suitable...
  • 🎾 【Easy To Carry and Use】The tennis training is made of lightweight materials ,the size is only 7.8 inches. When you finish training, just...
  • 🎾 【100% Satisfaction】:If you are not satisfied with our tennis trainer, we will full refund.If you have any questions, please feel free to...
Bestseller No. 12
Tennis Swing Wrist Training Aid for Forehands, Backhands, Volleys and Serves - PermaWrist
  • Feel what the pros feel by hitting in front with the laid back wrist.
  • Great for training proper forehands, backhands, volleys and even serves.
  • Helps you feel the proper 90 degree wrist angle with the racket to hit with effortless power.
  • Helps relieve tennis elbow pain by transferring the impact force from elbow to wrist.
  • One size accommodates arm size (just below elbow) from 8-13 inches (circumference). Please check arm size to ensure proper fit. Suitable for right and...
Bestseller No. 13
Ahari Unlimited Premium Tennis Trainer Set, Pro Tennis Rebounder with Metal Base in a Carrying...
  • ✅【3 REPLACEMENT BALLS】Our Valuable Tennis Trainer Set includes 3 replacement balls attached to durable elastic strings as the main ball, which...
  • ✅【HEAVY-DUTY METAL BASE】Ahari Unlimited Tennis Trainer Set contains a black iron base that is heavy enough to stay stable on the ground even...
  • ✅【PERFECT STRINGS ELASTICITY】Our Pro Tennis Rebounder Set contains wear-resistant elastic strings with little less elasticity than other brands...
  • ✅【IDEAL FOR SOLO TRAINING】Ahari Unlimited Tennis Practice Rebounder Set comes with everything you need to take your tennis skills to the next...
  • ✅【100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEED】Order Our Tennis Training Equipment now with Risk-Free, we assure you that you will love the quality and...
Bestseller No. 14
Oncourt Offcourt Backswing Solution
  • GREAT TRAINING AID: With the Backswing Solution you are capable of performing different exercises with the use of the stick. This is helpful in...
  • READY POSITION: Acquiring the right technique for the ready position will give you a strong foundation for learning volleys and groundstrokes faster...
  • VOLLEY: By keeping your elbows out in front, the Backswing Solution prevents you from taking too big of a backswing on your volleys
  • GROUNDSTROKES: Through converse wear of the solution you can avoid bending your wrists in an overly big angle and putting too much stress on them....
  • RETURN OF SERVE: Because the Backswing Solution trains you to have a compact backswing, it also helps give you the feeling of using your legs and...
SaleBestseller No. 15
20ft Agility Ladder & Soccer Training Equipment for Kids - Football Training Equipment for Youth Set...
  • ✅ BUILD SKILL & CONFIDENCE FOR INDOOR / OUTDOOR GAMES: Mantra Sports Agility Ladders are best for adults, kids who want to get fit & gain a...
  • ✅ TRAIN ANYWHERE WITH OUR ALL-WEATHER ADJUSTABLE LADDER: Lay each 19.6 foot heavy duty nylon strap parallel to each other & adjust the 12 rungs to...
  • ✅ HOP, SKIP & RUN TO YOUR WEIGHT GOALS: Add fun & variety to your cardio workout with a progressive exercise plan using our foot ladder & agility...
  • ✅ TRAIN YOURSELF WITH OUR STEP-BY-STEP WORKOUT POSTER: Backed by a lifetime warranty, your purchase of our adjustable speed ladder gear comes with a...
  • ✅ GROW STRONGER AS YOU GROW OLDER: Agility training for the elderly helps strengthen core joints to improve balance & mobility, aid better movement...
Bestseller No. 16
Agility Ladder & Soccer Training Equipment for Kids - Football Training Equipment for Youth Set -...
  • GREAT VALUE KIT: Our bundle includes a 20ft. agility ladder with 4 hooks and 10 speed cones, ladder & cone drill charts, for your fitness workout.
  • DEPENDABLE EQUIPMENT: Our 20ft. ladder is made adjustable so the rungs can adapt to your preferred training. It also has 4 metal hooks that you can...
  • ULTIMATE WORKOUT SET: Offering better options and variations to train as it is a bundle, our kit improves strength, agility, speed, coordination,...
  • VERSATILE: This agility training kit is designed to elevate skills in all sports like football drills, boxing,basketball,lacrosse,hockey,baseball,...
  • IDEAL PRESENT: Perfect as a gift for athletes, coaches, kids, personal trainers, or simply as an investment for your fitness training. Click 'Add to...
Bestseller No. 17
Single Tennis Trainer Ball, Tennis Training Tools for Kids Adults Beginners, Portable Single Tennis...
  • Sturdy And Stable:The base of tennis training equipment is made of high-quality PE plastic. Once filled with water or sand, the anti-skid strip will...
  • Solo Training:No need for partners to practice together, no need to pick up the ball. The super elastic and resistant ropes ensure perfect rebound so...
  • Easy To Carry and Use:The tennis training is made of lightweight materials ,the size is only 7.8 inches. When you finish training, just wrap the...
  • Set: Includes 1 tennis racket, 1 tennis trainer rebound ball with rope, 1 base, 1 metal clip, 1 tennis shock absorber. Our tennis balls are made of...
  • Best Gift For Children:The self training tennis equipment a great gift for family and friends. It can significantly improve the skills of tennis...
Bestseller No. 18
NAZRET Tennis Trainer Rebounder Set – Solo Tennis Trainer Practice Equipment with a Headband,...
  • 🎾 [BECOME TENNIS MASTER] Unlike cheap trainer baseboards, Our Tennis Trainer Rebounder with elastic string will wrap around the middle to keep the...
  • 🎾 [ALL-IN-ONE-DEAL] Unlike other Tennis Trainer Equipment, Our Deal is the most valuable and Desirable for Tennis Lovers. What you will Get? 1 Base...
  • 🎾 [EASY TO USE] Fill the Base with Water or Sand, fix the Elastic rope with clip and you are ready to go. Our professional strings attached...
  • 🎾 [A PERFECT GIFT] Looking for a practical solo tennis trainer rebounder package for Kids or Beginners? Our Product is the best fit for everyone...
  • 🎾 [100% SATISFACTION] Order Our Tennis Training Equipment now with Risk-Free, we assure you that you will love the quality and durability of our...
Bestseller No. 19
Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball, Solo Tennis Training Equipment for Self-Pracitce, Portable Tennis...
  • 🎾Designed for Single Training - The tennis self trainer is equipped with two high-quality elastic ball with 13 ft elastic string. When you hit the...
  • 🎾Clever Design - The portable tennis practice equipment with a semi-circular groove on the top, tennis balls can be placed when not in use. The...
  • 🎾Easy to Carry - The tennis training device is designed as a hollow structure kettle. After training, you can open the mouth of the bottle and pour...
  • 🎾Excellent Training Equipment - Just inject water or sand into the base and place it on the ground to train without too much waiting and...
  • 🎾Wide Range of Use - The tennis practice rebounder can be used for outdoor training, such as parks, tennis courts,back gardens. It will accompany...
SaleBestseller No. 20
T4U888 Tennis Trainer Rebound Ball, Tennis Practice Trainer Gear Tennis Training Equipment Kit with...
  • [PERFECT DESIGN]The base of the tennis training tool is filled with water or sand and becomes heavier instantly. This design allows it to be perfectly...
  • [HIGH-QUALITY MATERIALS]Tennis trainer rebound ball kit is made of durable and high-quality high-density PE plastic, with 4 elastic ropes, 4 tennis...
  • [HAPPY TRAINING]The tennis practice trainer gear has a 4 meters long elastic cord, which can be stretched to 8 meters. The ball will come back when...
  • [EASY TO CARRY]Tennis training equipment kit designed with light structure and can be carried with you when it is empty. There is a small ring on the...
  • [WIDELY USED]Tennis trainer rebounder tools are very suitable for friends, family members or children who like to play tennis. It helps to improve the...

What should you look for when purchasing the best tennis training equipment?

To purchase the right product, you need to research its qualities and flaws.

Diversity is highly important since it offers options for different budgets and lifestyles. Choosing the best tennis training equipment requires asking yourself the right questions to ensure the product is precisely what you need.

To make your money’s worth, you should thoroughly research the options you are presented with and ask the following questions:

  • How does buying tennis training equipment benefit me?
  • Is it worth the price?
  • Which tennis training equipment is the best option to go for in the nowadays market?
  • What features are essential when purchasing the tennis training equipment?
  • Which brand of the this is most trustworthy?
  • Which tennis training equipment has the best price/value ratio?

You are bound to have even more vitally important questions when purchasing the tennis training equipment. The best way to inform yourself about it is a meticulous exploration of internet resources and research for second opinions and customer reviews.

Various websites can hold pieces of information necessary for purchasing a top-notch product. Forums, reviews, and rating websites can all offer you the instrumental info needed to buy the best possible tennis training equipment. In order to get accurate information, you should explore trustworthy websites that have a history of providing customers with specific and genuine content.

Curee.org worked hard and conducted comprehensive research to get you the necessary information regarding the tennis training equipment.

It helps us to put together a high-quality buying guide that will provide you with pros and cons, features, and reasons the product is the right choice for you. To get the tennis training equipment that will suit your needs best, you should consider the following factors:

Advantages of the Brand

Every brand of tennis training equipment holds different values to it. Typically, each and every brand will have something unique that will attract your attention and make you consider their product as the leading option. The more unique the feature is, the more it will allure you to the product and its value.

Features

Each product has some value that separates it from the pack. Therefore, always ask yourself what features are relevant when purchasing the tennis training equipment? What is essential for this product to have?

Value of the product

This factor is crucial since it can tell you how much value you will get for your money’s worth when purchasing this.

Customer reviews

The second opinion always matters when you cannot decide on which product you should opt for. These reviews will paint you the picture of the tennis training equipment by real-world customers that had experience with the product and inform you on how well it served them.

Customer ratings


Customer ratings are similar to reviews but offer you a number or star rating of the tennis training equipment, which can tip the scales when you are unsure which product to choose.

Reliability

To get the tennis training equipment that will serve your purposes and pay off, you need to choose a reliable and durable one. High-quality product equals wise investment and peace of mind.

Beware off-brands

Purchasing the off-brand tennis training equipment is unwise. Always look for reliable brands that offer you the highest possible quality and are trusted and recognized as a legitimate option.

Curee.org always tends to bring its visitors accurate and valuable information that is relevant to the tennis training equipment. We always refresh and update our content since our priority is and has always been top-notch user experience.

If you have any questions or suggestions about our presentation of the this product, please let us know. You can contact us here, and if our article has made you interested in our work, you can find more about us and better realize our vision and what it represents.

FAQ:

Q: What equipment do I need to play tennis?

A: Leave your long pants and tight clothing at home. Wear loose gym shorts, tennis shorts or a tennis skirt, which gives you range of motion and increased comfort while dodging back and forth on the tennis court. T-shirts are acceptable as a top, but if you’re in a competition, you may want to use a traditional tennis polo shirt for appearance’s sake.

Q: Does tennis ball machine improve game?

A: Tennis ball machines help both seasoned players and beginners improve their game and get in as much practice as possible. Both professional and non-professional models shoot out balls at different speeds, angles, and spins to help players quickly repeat certain strokes to fine-tune their skills.

Q: Do tennis pros get tennis elbow?

A: The big however, is that pro tennis players are more likely to suffer from Golf Elbow than Tennis Elbow. This is largely due to the extraordinary spin that many put on the ball when serving, or even in their groundstrokes. This places undue stress on the opposite side of the forearm.

Q: What is the best exercise for tennis elbow?

A: Sit in a chair holding a 2-pound dumbbell vertically in your hand with your elbow resting on your knee. Let the weight of the dumbbell help rotate the arm outward,turning the palm up. Rotate the hand back the other direction until your palm is facing downward. Repeat 20 times on each side.